The Jama Mapun are distributed
over a wide area from Borneo to the southwestern Philippines and Palawan,
but the largest concentration is on the island of Cagayan de Sulu. They
are more oriented towards a land-based existence than most Sama groups,
but are also heavily oriented towards maritime trade emphasizing copra and
forest products; they receive many consumer products through barter with
northern Borneo cities. They live both on the coast and in the interiorof
their islands. Kinship is traced bilaterally, but there are unilineal features
such as the patrilineal inheritance of titles. Political structure revolves
around the Sultanate, but there is also an ancestor based grouping called
lungun. The elaborate music and dance of the Jama Mapun are related
to those of Southeast Asia.
Bajau, Cagayano, Orang Cagayan, Sama Cagayan,
Tao Cagayan, Sama
Corn, cassava; copra as cash crop.
22,320 (1990); 15,423 in Tawi-Tawi province.