Th Mamanwa were once considered
group, but now are thought to comprise an
older group entirely distinct from other Filipino populations. Like all Negritos,
they have adopted the language of a dominant nearby group. They are concentrated
primarily in Kitcharao and Santiago; however, they are quite mobile, and continually
relocate. As hunting has declined in importance, the bow and arrow have largely
fallen into disuse. The Mamanwa receive some of their subsistence from other
groups with whom they have labor arrangements. Settlements consist of three
to twenty households arranged in a circle in a high ridge or valley. The houses
generally lack walls. Communities are kin-based, with leadership vested in
the oldest and most respected male.
Conking, Mamaw, Amamanusa, Manmanua, Mamaua
Agusan del Norte province; Leyte.
Swidden agriculture in small patches; some
wet rice. Heavy reliance on food gathering.