ANCESTRAL DNA REFERENCES*

 

 

(last update = 5/15/2007)

*This DNA Links page was originally begun during January, 2006 as an aid to students doing research for the 2006 Immigrant All! exhibition, which preceded the 2007 DNA: Cracking the Ancestor Code exhibition. After February 2007 it will be maintained only episodically.

We hope it still will be useful to visitors and we offer our apologies for its eclectic nature, the broken links that have escaped our notice, and infomation that needs to be updated.

     
 
 
AREA
TITLE
COMMENTS
GENERAL    
  The Great DNA Hunt (1996) Archaeology magazine article
  Kerchner's DNA Testing & Genetic Genealogy Info and Resources Page Lots of links - personal story
  Genealogy Blog  
  History Detectives - DNA PBS site
  Genetics and Human Migration Patterns  
  The Human Family Tree: 10 Adams and 18 Eves
(2000, Wade, NYT)
 
  DNA analysis tracks Silk Road forbearers (2001) BBC News article highlights Dr. Spencer Wells Y-DNA work in Central Asia
  The History of Men: Ghengis Khan's yDNA (2004) Discovery Dec 2004 by Spencer Wells
  Spencer Wells Lecture Real Audio (50 min)
  The Journey of Man YouTube version of Spencer Well's seminal film in nine mini-segments (120 min)
  GenographicProject Announcement 30 min video
  Excavating Ourselves - Results of a DNA survey of Museum of London visitors, July 2003 This study and exhibition have many similarities to what we are creating at CSUEB.
  Genetic ancestry and the search for personalized genetic histories (Shriver & Kittles, Nature Reviews Genetics 2004) 8 page pdf - Good general review of the field with emphasis on African American roots.
  Genetics, DNA, and H ealth History about.com summary
  ALFRED: Allele Frequency Database  
  Glossary of Genetic Terms Clan Lindsay site
  Genographic Update with Spencer Wells and Anne Gibbons (May 10, 2007) Streamed Broadcast on Voice of America (50 min)
     
CONTROVERSY    
  A Family Tree in Every Gene by Armand Marie Leroi NY Time Op-Ed piece on race
  March of the Titans - History of the White Race Very elaborate white supremacist site, which uses DNA data for its own purposes
  Refuting Arthur Kemp's: Lies about Portugal  
  Race: The Reality of Human Differences (2005, Sarich & Miele) Book by UC Berkeley anthropologist calls the current view that "race does not exist" a "PC dogma."
  Seeking Ancestry, and Privilege, in DNA Ties Uncovered by Tests (NYT, 4/11/06)  
     
PRE/HISTORY MYSTERIES    
  Mysteries of History U. S. News site
  Who were the Phoenicians National Geographic
  DNA and the Book of Mormon  
  DNA and the Book of Mormon People  
  Solving the Mystery of the Neandertals Clear animation and interactive exercise showing very early phylogenetic split between Neandertals and us.
  Recovery of Neanderthal DNA: An Evaluation This is a Creationist site.
  Solving the Mystery of the Romanovs Clear animation and interactive exercise showing how mtDNA proves the fate of the Romanovs.
  Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Presumptive Remains of Jesse James (2001) 4 page pdf
  DNA Report Revives Czar Mystery (2004)  
  Stanford study questions identity of alleged Romanov bones (2004)  
  The Blood of the Vikings BBC site
  Where is Columbus? (2004) MSNBC article
  New Evidence in Columbus Mystery (2004) MSNBC article
  Revisiting Neandertal diversity with a 100,000 year old mtDNA sequence (2006, Orlando et al., Current Biology) 3 page pdf
  IE - "In Quest of Our Linguistic Ancestors:The Elusive Origins of the Indo-Europeans" by John V. Day  
  IE - Review of “In Quest of Our Linguistic Ancestors: The Elusive Origins of the IE” by Dienekes Pontikos  
  Thomas Jefferson’s Y Chromosome Belongs to a Rare European Lineage (2007, King et al., AJPA)  
     
 

SPECIFIC GEOGRAPHICAL ORIGINS

 
AFRICAN AMERICAN    
  Africa Mitochondrial Haplogroup Distribution Map  
  Civil-rights activist Young finds roots of his African ancestry through DNA  
  Energized in part by the reparations movement, many African-Americans are exploring their origins. Through study of the slave trade, DNA testing and more, they hope to resolve the problems of today.  
  Out of Africa? Americans search for ancestry  
  Genealogy Reclaiming the Past (and Maybe a Continent, Too)  
  Genetic ancestry and the search for personalized genetic histories  
  The African-American DNA Roots Project at Boston University  
  Mitochondrial DNA Genetic Diversity among Four Ethnic Groups in Sierra Leone  
  Do the Four Clades of the mtDNA Haplogroup L2 Evolve at Different Rates? (2001, Torroni et al., AJHG) 9 page pdf
  The Making of the African mtDNA Landscape
(2002, Salas et al., AJHG)
30 page pdf
  mtDNA transit between West Asia and North Africa inferred from U6 phylogeography (2003, Maca-Meyer et al., BMC Genetics) 8 page pdf
  The African Diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic Slave Trade (2004, Salas et al. AJHG) 12 page pdf
  African Haplogroup L mtDNA Sequences Show Violations of Clock-like Evolution (2004, Howell et al., MBE) 12 page pdf
     
ENGLAND & BRITISH ISLES    
  Surnames, Genes and Genealogy BBC Radio article - Personal saga of Dr. Brian Sykes tracing his SYKES surname via traditional genealogical records and DNA
  Genetic evidence for different male and female roles in the British Isles (2001, Wilson et al., PNAS) 6 page pdf
  Y Chromosome Evidence for Anglo-Saxon Mass Migration (2002, Weale et al., MBE) 18 page pdf
  A Y Chromosome Census of the British Isles
(2003, Capelli et al., CB)
6 page pdf
  Teeth unravel Anglo-Saxon legacy (2004) BBC article - combines Stronium/Oxygen analysis with DNA
  Tracing the Phylogeography of Human Populations in Britain Based on 4th-11th Century mtDNA Genotypes
(2005, Töpf et al., MBE)
10 page pdf - Doggerland refugium poposed
  Myths of British Ancestry (2006, Oppenheimer, Prospect) 6 page pdf - Celts not as important as thought
     
EUROPE    
 

The Emerging Tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: A Synthesis of Control-Region Sequences and RFLPs
(1999, Macaulay et al., AJHG)

18 page pdf
  The molecular genetics of European ancestry
(1999, Sykes, PRS)
10 page pdf - mtDNA
  An Indian Ancestry: a Key for Understanding Human Diversity in Europe and Beyond (2000, Kivisild et al.) 11 page pdf
  Geographic Patterns of mtDNA Diversity in Europe (2000, Simoni et al., AJHG) 7 page pdf
  The Genetic Legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in Extant Europeans: A Y Chromosome Perspective
(2000, Semino et al., Science)
5 page pdf
  Y-Chromosomal Diversity in Europe Is Clinal and Influenced Primarily by Geography, Rather than by Language(2000, Rosser et al., AJHG) 18 page pdf
  Phylogenetic Network for European mtDNA
(2001,Finnilä et al., AJHG)
10 page pdf
  Genetics and the population history of Europe
(2001, Barujani & Bertorelle, PNAS)
4 page pdf
  The Neolithic Transition in Europe: Archaeological Models and Genetic Evidence (2001, Richards) 9 page pdf
  In Search of Geographical Patterns in European Mitochondrial DNA (2002, Richards et al., AJHG) 7 page pdf
  Africans and Asians Abroad: Genetic Diversity in Europe (2004, Barbujani & Goldstein, Annual Reviews) 34 page pdf
  Phylogeography of Y-Chromosome Haplogroup I Reveals Distinct Domains of Prehistoric Gene Flow in Europe
(2004, Rootsi et al., AJHG)
10 page pdf
  High-resolution mtDNA evidence for the late-glacial resettlement of Europe from an Iberian refugium
(2005, Pereira, Genome Research)
 
  The effect of the Neolithic expansion on European molecular diversity (2005, Currat & Excoffier, PRS) 10 page pdf
  No Signature of Y Chromosomal Resemblance Between Possible Descendants of the Cimbri in Denmark and Northern Italy (2007, Børglum, AJPA) 7 page pdf
     
EURASIA    
  The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity (2001, Wells et al., PNAS) 6 page pdf
FRANCE    
  Mitochondrial Genotype Associated with French Caucasian Centenarians (1998)  
  French-Canadian Beginnings  
  Clan of Helena (OA Forum)  
     
GERMANY    
  Beginning German Research  
  German Interest Genealogy  
     
IBERIA(SPAIN,PORTUGAL,BASQUE)    
  mtDNA analysis of the Galician population: a
genetic edge of European variation
(1998, Salas et al., EJHG)
12 page pdf
  An mtDNA Analysis in Ancient Basque Populations: Implications for Haplogroup V as a Marker for a Major Paleolithic Expansion from Southwestern Europe
(1999. Izagirre & de la Rúa, AJHG)
9 page pdf
  Diversity of mtDNA lineages in Portugal: not a genetic edge of European variation (2000, Perreira et al., AHG) 16 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA Affinities at the Atlantic Fringe of Europe (2002, González et al., AJPA) 14 page pdf
  Reduced genetic structure of the Iberian peninsula revealed by Y-chromosome analysis: implications for population demography (2004, Flores et al., Gene) 9 page pdf
  The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene Pool
(2004, Achilli et al, AJHG)
9 page pdf
  A Basque Country autochthonous population study of 11 Y-chromosome STR loci (2004, Garcia et al., FSI) 4 page pdf - list of 89 Basque haplotypes
  High-resolution mtDNA evidence for the late-glacial resettlement of Europe from an Iberian refugium
(2005, Perreira et al., Genome Research)
6 page pdf
  Temporal Mitochondrial DNA Variation in the Basque Country: Influence of Post-Neolithic Events (2005, Alzualde, AHG) 16 page pdf
  Insights Into the ‘‘Isolation’’ of the Basques: mtDNA Lineages from the Historical Site of Aldaieta (6th – 7th Centuries AD) (2006, Alzualde et al., AJPA) 11 page pdf
  The mitochondrial lineage U8a reveals a Paleolithic settlement in the Basque country
(2006, González et al., BMC Genomics)
25 page draft pdf
  Clan of Velda Web Site (Whit Athey)  
  Clan of Velda (OA Forum)  
     
INDIA    
  Peopling of India Thorough intro
  Races in India Good intro
  History of Ancient Indian Conquest Told in Modern Genes, Experts Say (1999) Short S.F. Chronicle article
  An Indian Ancestry: a Key for Understanding Human Diversity in Europe and Beyond (2000, Kivisild et al.) 14 page pdf
  Y-chromosome SNP haplotypes suggest evidence of gene flow among caste, tribe, and the migrant Siddi populations of Andhra Pradesh, South India (2001, Ramana et al., EJHG) 6 page pdf
  Genetic evidence suggests European migrants may have influenced the origins of India's caste system (2001) Abstract + links
  Ethnic populations of India as seen from an evolutionary perspective (2001, Majumder, Journal of Bioscience) 13 page pdf
  Complex Signals for Population Expansions in Europe and Beyond (2002, Tambets et al.) 10 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals diverse histories of tribal populations from India (2003, Cordaux et al., EJHG) 12 page pdf
  Genetic Heritage of the Earliest Settlers Persists Both in Indian Tribal and Caste Populations (2003, Kivisild et al., AJHG) 20 page pdf
  The Genetics of Language and Farming Spread in India, (2003, Kivisild et al., In Examing the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis) 9 page pdf
  Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans
(2004, Metspalu et al., BMC Genetics)
25 page pdf
  Independent Origins of Indian Caste and Tribal Paternal Lineages (2004, Cordaux et al., CB) 5 page pdf
     
ITALY    
  Calabria DNA project  
  We Are Tyrolean!  
  Italian Research  
  Clinal patterns of human Y chromosomal diversity in continental Italy and Greece are dominated by drift and founder effects (2002, DiGiacomo et al., MPE) 9 page pdf
     
IRELAND    
  Geneticists Show That the Irish are a Race Apart (2000)  
  Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins
(2000, Hill et al., Nature)
2 page pdf
  mtDNA and the Islands of the North Atlantic: Estimating the Proportions of Norse and Gaelic Ancestry
(2001, Helgason et al., AJHG)
15 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism: its role in longevity of the Irish population  
  Genes link Celts to Basques (2001)  
  The Longue Dureé of Genetic Ancestry: Multiple Genetic Marker Systems and Celtic Origins on the Atlantic Facade of Europe (2004, McEvoy, AJHG) 11 page pdf
  If Irish Claim Nobility, Science May Approve
(2006, Wade, NYT)
 
  A Y-Chromosome Signature of hegemony in Gaelic Ireland (2006, Moore, AJHG) 5 page pdf
   
JEWISH    
  Y Chromosomes of Jewish Priests (1997, Hammer et al., Nature) 3 page pdf
  Why Y ? The Y Chromosome in the study of human evolution, migration and prehistory
(1998, Bradman & Thomas, Science Spectra)
 
  Origins of Old Testament priests (1998, Thomas et al., Nature) 2 page pdf
  The DNA Chain of Tradition: The Discovery of the "Cohen Gene"  
  Y Chromosomes Traveling South: The Cohen Modal Haplotype and the Origins of the Lemba—the “Black Jews of Southern Africa” (2000, Thomas et al., AJHG) 13 page pdf
  In DNA, New Clues to Jewish Roots (2002, Wade, NYT)  
  Founding Mothers of Jewish Communities: Geographically Separated Jewish Groups Were Independently Founded by Very Few Female Ancestors (2002, Thomas et al., AJHG) 10 page pdf
  The Fallacy of Biological Judaism (2003, Pollack) 2 page pdf
  DNA and the Sephardic Diaspora: Spanish and Portuguese Jews in Europe (2003, Lavender)  
  Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y Chromosome Evidence for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries (2003, Behar et al., AJHG) 12 page pdf -- In contrast to the Cohanim the Levites appear to have a much more recent origin.
  Beginning Jewish Research (2003, Ancestry)  
  Y chromosome evidence for a founder effect in Ashkenazi Jews (2004, Nebel et al., EJHG) 4 page pdf
  MtDNA evidence for a genetic bottleneck in the early history of the Ashkenazi Jewish population (2004, Behar et al., EJHG) 10 page pdf
  A Mosaic of People: The Jewish Story and a Reassessment of the DNA Evidence (2005, Levy-Coffman, JGG) 22 page pdf
  The Multiple Meanings of Jewish Genes (2005, Kahn, CMP) 15 page pdf
  New Light on Origins of Ashkenazi in Europe
(2006, Wade, NYT)
 
  Love You, K2a2a, Whoever You Are (2006, Harmon, NYT)  
  The Matrilineal Ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: Portrait of a Recent Founder Event (2006, Behar et al., AJHG) 11 page pdf
  Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence (2006, Cochran) 40 page draft pdf
  Ashkenazi or Sephardi? DNA Unites Jewish Families, but Raises Questions (2006, Dardashti, World Jewry)  
     
KOREA, CHINA & JAPAN    
  Jomon Genes:Using DNA, researchers probe the genetic origins of modern Japanese  
  DNA & the Peopling of Siberia  
  Phylogeny of East Asian Mitochondrial DNA Lineages Inferred from Complete Sequences (Kong et al.,2003, AJHG) 6 page pdf
  The Genetic Legacy of the Mongols (2003, Zerjal et al, AJHG)  
  Admixture, migrations, and dispersals in Central Asia: evidence from maternal DNA lineages (2004, Comas et al., EJHG) 10 page pdf
  The Hidden History of Men [Ghengis Khan]
(2004, Kunzig, Discovery)
14 page pdf
  Genetic Study focuses on Asians (2004) MSNBC article
  Ghengis Khan (Radio Lab Detective Stories 4/15/06) 20 min mp3 Show
     
MIDDLE AMERICA    
  DNA & Native American Origins  
  Native American Sample Report 5 page pdf
  The Genealogy of Mexico: DNA Surname Project  
  The Central Siberian Origin for Native American Y Chromosomes (1999, Santos et al., AJHG)  
  mtDNA Affinities of the Peoples of North-Central Mexico (2000, Green et al., AJHG) 10 page pdf
  The genetic DNA trace in men: chromosome Y haplotypes in a Mexican population, analyzing 5 STRs
(2001, Rangel-Villalobos, RIC)
 
  Mitochondrial DNA variation in a Mestizo population from the Southwest Pacific Mexican coasts (2003)   
     
NORTH AMERICA    
  Native American Sample Report 5 page pdf
  Stone Age Columbus (2001) BBC Two article -
  Coming into America: Tracing the Genes A Scientific American Frontiers site
  The Structure of Diversity within New World Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups: Implications for the Prehistory of North America (2002, Mahli et al., AJHG) 15 page pdf
  Haplogroup X Confirmed in Prehistoric North America
(2002, Mahli & Smith, AJPA)
3 page pdf
  Y-Chromosome Evidence for Differing Ancient Demographic Histories in the Americas
(2003, Bertolini, AJHG)
16 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA Studies of Native Americans: Conceptions and Misconceptions of the
Population Prehistory of the Americas

(2003, Eshleman et al., EB)
12 page pdf
  High-Resolution SNPs and Microsatellite Haplotypes Point to a Single, Recent Entry of Native American Y Chromosomes into the Americas (2003, Zegura et al, MBE) Abstract & article
  The Peopling of the New World: Perspectives from Molecular Anthropology (2004, Schurr, Annual Reviews) 40 page pdf
  mtDNA From Hair and Nail Clarifies the Genetic Relationship of the 15th Century Qilakitsoq Inuit Mummies (2007, Gilbert et al., AJPA) 7 page pdf
     
NEAR & MIDDLE EAST    
  Y-chromosome and mtDNA polymorphisms in Iraq, a crossroad of the early human dispersal and of post-Neolithic migrations (2003, Al-Zahery et al., MPE) 15 page pdf
  Extensive Female-Mediated Gene Flow from Sub-Saharan Africa into Near Eastern Arab Populations
(2003, Richards et al., AJHG)
7 page pdf
  Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and Other Israeli Populations From
Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence
Variation
(2004, Shen et al., Hum Mut)
13 page pdf
  Investigation of the mitochondrial haplogroups M, BM, N, J, K and their frequencies in five regions in Iran
(2004, Housmand, IJB)
5 page pdf
  Where West Meets East: The Complex mtDNA Landscape of the Southwest and Central Asian Corridor
(2004, Quintana-Murci, AJHG)
19 page pdf
     
POLYNESIA    
  Fast trains, slow boats, and the ancestry of the Polynesian islanders (2001, Oppenheimer & Richards) 26 page pdf
  Origins and dispersals of Pacific peoples: Evidence from mtDNA phylogenies of the Pacific rat (2004, Matisoo-Smith & Robins, PNAS) 6 page
     
ROMANIA & EASTERN EUROPE    
  Origins and Divergence of the Roma (Gypsies)
(2001, Gresham et al., AJHG)
18 page pdf
     
RUSSIA & CAUCASUS    
  Research in Russia (2001, Ancestry)  
  Mitochondrial DNA variation in Russian populations of Stavropol krai, Orel and Saratov oblasts
(2002, Maliarchuk et al., Genetika)
Abstract
  Mitochondrial DNA variability in Poles and Russians
(2002, Malyarchuk et al., AHG)
23 page pdf
  Diversity of Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups in Ethnic Populations of the Volga–Ural Region
(2002, Bermisheva et al., MB)
11 page pdf
  Testing hypotheses of language replacement in the Caucasus: evidence from the Y-chromosome
(2003, Nasidze et al., Hum Gen)
7 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome Variations in the Caucasus (2004, Nasidze et al., AHG) 17 page pdf
  Molecular Middle Ages Of The Russian North (2004) Abstract
  DNA Report Revives Czar Mystery (2004)  
     
SCANDINAVIA    
  Ander's Son and Erik's Daughter: Starting with Swedish Records (2003, Ancestry)  
  Saami Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Deep Maternal Lineage Clusters (1998, Delghandi et al., Hum Hered) 7 page pdf
  mtDNA and the Origin of the Icelanders: Decipering Signals of Recent Population History (2000, Helgason et al., AJHG) 17 page pdf
  Different genetic components in the Norwegian population revealed by the analysis of mtDNA and Y chromosome polymorphisms. (2002, Cavalleri et al., EJHG) Abstract
  The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami–the Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes (2004, Tambets et al., AJHG) 22 page pdf
  Saami and Berbers—An Unexpected Mitochondrial DNA Link (2005, Achilli et al., AJHG) 4 page pdf
     
SOUTH AMERICA    
  Native American Sample Report  
  Lack of founding Amerindian mitochondrial DNA lineages in extinct Aborigines from Tierra del Fuego-Patagonia
(1996, Lalueza et al., HMG)
 
  The Ancestry of Brazilian mtDNA Lineages
(2000, Alves-Silva, AJHG)
18 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in South America and the Genetic History of Andean Highlanders
(2003
, Fuselli et al., MBE)
 
  New World Newcomers: Men's DNA supports recent settlement of the Americas (2003) Science News article
  Recovery and Identification of Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences of a 500-Year-Old Inca Mummy  
  Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Ancient Peruvian Highlanders (2006, Shinoda et al., AJPA) 10 page pdf
     
 

MITOCHONDRIAL DNA

 
Swinging in the mtDNA Tree Detailed graphics of mtDNA haplogroup tree; especially detailed for 'J' & 'K'
A (personal) mtDNA view of peopling of the world by Homo sapiens A step-by-step manual animation of the spread of mtDNA haplogroups across the planet.
mtDNA Haplogroup Motifs  
Complete Human Mitochondrial Sequences  
Phylogenetic Network for European mtDNA
(2001,Finnilä et al., AJHG)
10 page pdf
Major genomic mitochondrial lineages delineate early human expansions (2001, Maca-Meyer et al., BMC Genetics) 8 page pdf
Reduced-Median-Network Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial DNA Coding-Region Sequences for the Major African, Asian, and European Haplogroups
(2002, Herrnstadt, AJHG)
20 page pdf
Ice Ages and the mitochondrial DNA chronology of human dispersals: a review (2004, Forster, Royal Society) 10 page pdf
mt-HAPLOGROUPS    

A

Genographic Map - Haplogroup A  
  Haplogroup A Sample Report 9 page pdf
  Haplogroup A (Clan Aiyana)  
     
B
Genographic Map - Haplogroup B  
189
Fast trains, slow boats, and the ancestry of the Polynesian islanders (2001, Oppenheimer & Richards) 26 page pdf
     
C
Genographic Map - Haplogroup C  
     
D
Genographic Map - Haplogroup D  
     
F
Genographic Map - Haplogroup F  
   
H
Genographic Map - Haplogroup H  

CRS

Mitochondrial DNA Affinities at the Atlantic Fringe of Europe (2003, González et al,, AJPA) 14 page pdf
The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene Pool
(2004, Achilli et al, AJHG)
9 page pdf
  Disuniting uniformity: a pied cladistic canvas of mtDNA haplogroup H in Eurasia. (2004, Loogväli et al., MBE) 10 page pdf
  High-resolution mtDNA evidence for the late-glacial resettlement of Europe from an Iberian refugium
(2005, Pereira et al., Genome Research)
 
  Haplogroup H (Wikipedia)  
  The H mtDNA Haplogroup Project  
  Clan of Helena (OA Forum)  
     

I

Genographic Map - Haplogroup I  
129, 223, 391
Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup 'I' Homepage  
  Haplogroup I: Mutations @ 129, 223, 391 (OA message board)  
  Clan of Xenia (OA Forum) FTDNA gives Hap 'I' its own letter; Sykes classifies it as part of Hap 'X' (Xenia).
  mtDNA Haplogroup of L. David Roper This is a personal mtDNA site, which is specific to haplogroup 'I' but also constains excellent info about mtDNA in general.
     

J

Genographic Map - Haplogroup J  
069, 126
Tracing European Founder Lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA Pool (2000, Richards et al., AJHG) 26 page pdf
  Mitochondrial DNA Affinities at the Atlantic Fringe of Europe (2003, González et al., AJPA) 26 page pdf
  Human Mitochondrial Haplogroup J in Europe and Near East (2004, Serk, M.S. thesis) 65 page pdf - M.S. thesis
  MtDNA Markers for Celtic and Germanic Language Areas in the British Isles (2004, Forster et al., Renfrew Festscrift) 14 page pdf - distribution of 'Celtic' and 'Germanic' varieties of Hap J
  Clan of Jasmine (OA Forum)  
     
K
Genographic Map - Haplogroup K  
224, 311
The Matrilineal Ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: Portrait of a Recent Founder Event (2006, Behar et al., AJHG) 11 page pdf
  Fine Characterization of the Iceman’s mtDNA Haplogroup (2006, Rollo et al., AJPA) 8 page pdf
  The Unresolved Location of Ötzi’s mtDNA Within Haplogroup K (Endicott et.al, 2007, AJPA) 4 page pdf
  mtDNA Haplogroup K (Katrine's Clan) Website (Bill Hurst)  
  Clan of Katrine (OA Forum)  
     
L
Genographic Map - Haplogroup L1  
  Do the Four Clades of the mtDNA Haplogroup L2 Evolve
at Different Rates?
(2001,Torroni, AJHG)
 
  Haplogroup L2 Sample Report  
     
M*
Genographic Map - Haplogroup M*  
     
R
Genographic Map - Haplogroup R  
     

126, 294T

Genographic Map - Haplogroup T  
  Phylogenetic networks for the human mtDNA haplogroup T  
Clan of Tara (OA Forum)  
   
U
Genographic Map - Haplogroup U  

Mitochondrial DNA Affinities at the Atlantic Fringe of Europe (2003, González et al., AJPA) 14 page pdf
  Saami and Berbers—An Unexpected Mitochondrial DNA Link (2005, Achilli et al., AJHG) 4 page pdf
  The mitochondrial lineage U8a reveals a Paleolithic settlement in the Basque country
(2006, González et al., BMC Genomics)
25 page draft pdf
  Clan of Ursula Home Page (Brian Hamman)  
  U2 mtDNA Haplogroup Project (Cyndi Rutledge)  
  U5 mtDNA Haplogroup Project  
     
V
Genographic Map - Haplogroup V  

298

An mtDNA Analysis in Ancient Basque Populations: Implications for Haplogroup V as a Marker for a Major Paleolithic Expansion from Southwestern Europe
(1999. Izagirre & de la Rúa, AJHG)
9 page pdf
  Clan of Velda Web Site (Whit Athey)  
 
Clan of Velda (OA Forum)  
     

X

Genographic Map - Haplogroup X  
189, 223, 278
Origin and Diffusion of mtHaplogroup X
(2003, Reidla et al., AJHG)
 
  mtDNA Haplogroup X Project  
  Clan of Xenia (OA Forum)  
     

 

Y DNA

 
Why Y ? The Y Chromosome in the study of human evolution, migration and prehistory
(1998, Bradman & Thomas, Science Spectra)
Good intro to yDNA studies, which conclude with a discussion of the Cohanim and Lembda.
A Nomenclature System for the Tree of Human Y-Chromosomal Binary Haplogroups
(2002, Y-Chromosome Consortium, Gen Res)
10 page pdf -- provides a cross-reference to the many separate yDNA nomenclatures in use.
Recent Developments in Y-Short Tandem Repeat and Y-Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Analysis (2003, Butler, FSR) 21 page pdf
The Human Y Chromosome: An Evolutionary Marker Comes of Age (2003, Jobling & Tyler-Smith, Nature Gen Rev) 15 page pdf
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestry Calculator  
Inferring Human History: Clues from Y-Chromosome Haplotypes (2004, Underhill, CSH) 8 page pdf

Comparative Time Calculations to Most Recent Common Male Ancestor using 30 Slowest (of 67) Markers available at Family Tree DNA Lab in Comparing British and Other Europe Samples within Certain Haplogroups (Ray Banks, 2007)

 
The Journey of Man YouTube version of Spencer Well's seminal film in nine mini-segments (120 min)
   
y-HAPLOGROUPS    

E

Genographic Map - Haplogroup E  
  Haplogroup E (Wikipedia)  
  YCC Haplogroup E3a (Dennis Garvey)  
(M96)
Phylogeographic Analysis of Haplogroup E3b (E-M215) Y Chromosomes Reveals Multiple Migratory Events Within and Out Of Africa (2004, Cruciani et al., AJHG) 9 page pdf
     

G

Genographic Map - Haplogroup G  
(M201)
History of Haplogroup G  
  Genetic Evidence Concerning the Origins of South and North Ossetians (2004, Nasidze et al., AHG) 12 page pdf
  Diagnostic Y-STR Markers in Haplogroup G
(2006, Goff & Athey, JGG)
6 page pdf
  Family Tree DNA Haplogroup G Project  
  Some Information and Theories on G Haplogroup in Europe (Ray Banks)  
  Abstracts of papers presented at Barcelona Conference on Sarmatians (2007) 56 page pdf
     

I

Genographic Map - Haplogroup I  
(M170)
Phylogeography of Y-Chromosome Haplogroup I Reveals Distinct Domains of Prehistoric Gene Flow in Europe
(2004, Rootsi et al., AJHG)
10 page pdf
  Population Varieties within Y-Haplogroup I and their Extended Modal Haplotypes - also R1b Varieties
(Ken Nordtvedt)
 
  Haploroup I1a (Wikipedia)  
  yDNA Haplogroup I Subclade I1a - FTDNA  
  The Deep Origins of Haplogroup I (FTDNA forum)  
     

J

Genographic Map - Haplogroup J  
(M172)
Y Haplogroup J  
  Y-DNA Haplogroup J and its Subclades  
  J1 Sample Report 9 page pdf
  Haplogroup J/J2 STR Motifs  
  J2 Y-DNA Project  
Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe
(2004, DiGiacomo et al., Hum Gen)
15 page pdf
  Origin, Diffusion, and Differentiation of Y-Chromosome Haplogroups E and J: Inferences on the Neolithization of Europe and Later Migratory Events in the Mediterranean Area (2004, Semino et al., AJHG) 12 page pdf
     

Q

Genographic Map - Haplogroup Q  
 (M242)
   
     
Q3
Genographic Map - Haplogroup Q3  
(M3)
   
     

R1a

Genographic Map - Haplogroup R1a  
(M17)
Shetland Islands Haplogroups R1a and Q  
     

R1b

Genographic Map - Haplogroup R1b  
(M343)
R1b Example 14 page pdf
  Dal Riadic Migration Y Chromosome DNA Genealogy Page  
  MS205 Minisatellite Diversity in Basques:Evidence for a Pre-Neolithic Component (1998, Alonso & Armour, Gen Res) 10 page pdf
  A Basque Country autochthonous population study of 11 Y-chromosome STR loci (2004, Garcia et al., FSI) 4 page pdf - list of 89 Basque haplotypes
  R haplogroup SNP Summary  

 

   
OTHER    
  A Compendium of Human Mitochondrial DNA Control Region: Development of an International Standard Forensic Database (2001, Miller & Budowle, CMJ) 13 page pdf
  A combination of three common inherited mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms promotes longevity in Finnish and Japanese subjects (2004, Niemi et al., EJHG) 5 page pdf
  The Y chromosome as a marker for the history and structure of human populations (Jobling)  
  As Y Chromosome Shrinks, End of Men Pondered 5 minute NPR RealAudio piece
  Making Sperm, No Men Necessary 5 minute NPR RealAudio piece